iklan

Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences adalah sebuah kalimat pengandaian, sehingga kalau kita bicara tentang pengandaian maka kadang pengandaian tersebut bisa tidak mungkin terjadi,pasti terjadi dan bisa terjadi juga bisa tidak terjadi. Untuk mempelajari Conditional Sentences ada baiknya kalian mempelajari beberapa tenses dasar dulu seperti Simple present tense, Simple Past tense, Simple present prefect, past perfect, Simple future dan past future. Conditional Sentences terdiri dari beberapa jenis dan masing masing jenis tersebut mempunyai pola/pattern yang berbeda beda. Berikut ini adalah jenis dan pola dalam Conditional Sentences.

1. Zero Conditional Sentences / Conditional Sentences type 0

Jenis ini digunakan untuk menjelaskan tentang kebenaran umum, segala sesuatu yang pasti terjadi dengan keadaan tertentu. Conditional Sentences ini digunakan untuk membicarakan tentang segala seuatu yang selalu benar seperti fakta ilmiah,dan lainnya.

Rumus / Pola Conditional Sentences jenis 0

=If + Present Simple ,Present Simple

= if + Subject + V/Ves + adv.., Subject + Ves/V

Contoh kalimat Conditional Sentences

.= IF you heat the water to 100 degrees, it boils.

Ingat dalam Conditional sentences, digunakan kalimat simple present sehingga kalimat tersebut bisa active bisa juga passive, dan bisa berbentuk kalimat positive atau kalimat negative. berikut ini contoh lainnya

IF You Heat the water to 100 degrees, it boils

If she heats the water to 100 degrees, it boils

If she does not heat the water to 100 degrees, it does not boils

If the water is heat to 100 degrees, it boils.

2. Conditional Sentences Type 1

Jenis ini digunakan untuk menceritakan kemungkinan yang terjadi di masa depan, kemungkinan ini bisa dikatakan mungkin terjadi dan kemungkinan besar bisa terjadi,berbeda dengan Conditional Sentences jenis 0 yang selalu terjadi, Conditional Sentences type 1 ini ada kemungkinan walaupun sangat tipis untuk bisa tidak terjadi.

Rumus / Pola / Strukcture Conditional Sentences jenis 1

=IF Simple Present , Simple Future

=IF + Subject + Ves/V + adj/adverb/Noun , Subejct + will/can/may + V1

( Ingat sama kalimat Simple present dan simple future diatas bisa berupa kalimat positive atau negative) Contoh :

1. If I am a rich man, I will buy a big house

2. If I am not a rich man, I will not buy a big house

3. If she graduates her study, she will be very happy.

4. If she does not graduate her study, she will not be very happy.

5. If you study hard, you will pass the test

6. If you do not study hard, you will not pass the test.

3. Conditional Sentences Type 2

Conditional Sentences jenis ini digunakan untuk menceritakan tentang harapan sekarang yang sudah tidak mugkin, atau harapan sekarang ini yang tidak tercapai.

IF + Simple Past, Past future

= if + Subject + V2 , Subject + Would + V1

= IF + Subject + did +not + V1, Subject + Would + V1

Dalam Conditional Sentences jenis ini juga bentuk kalimat bisa Positive bisa juga negative,akan tetapi harus menurut pola tenses yang benar

Contoh :

1. If I Had a house by the beach, I would Invite all my friends

2. If I studied hard before the examination, I would graduate with a good score.

3. If I had a breakfast, I would not be hungry.

4. If Tina did the homework, Her teacher would not be angry.

4. Conditional Sentences type 3

Conditional Sentences jenis ini digunakan untuk menceritakan sebuah kejadian yang tidak terjadi pada masa lampau, berbeda dengan jenis/type 2 yang menceritakan kejadian yang tidak terjadi pada saat ini, jenis 3 menceritakan kejadian lampau yang tidak terjadi.

IF + Past Perfect , Subject + Would / Could / might/ should + Have + V3 + ….

Contoh :

1. If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam

2. if they had informed us yesterday, we would have arrived earlier.

3. If Doni had studied hard, He would have graduated from SMA.

4. If she had got a taxi, She would have come earlier.

Ingat dalam Conditional Sentences semua jenis / type kadang kadang posisi “IF” bisa berubah ubah kadang ada di awal kalimat kadang ada di akhir kalimat dan kalimat tersebut tidak merubah arti akan tetapi kalau “IF “ berada di tengah tengah kalimat kita tidak perlu menambahkan “Koma” untuk menghubungkannya. Perhatikan contoh berikut.

If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam

I would have passed the exam if I Had studied harder

If I had a house by the beach, I would invite all my friends.

I would invite all my friends if I had a house by the beach.

Soal Latihan Conditional Sentences.

1. I ( go) if I had known.

2. If my car (not break) down, I should have caught the train

3. If she were older, She (have) more sense.

4. If you (read) that book carefully, You would understand it.

5. IF the children ( be) good,They can Stay up late.

6. I ( buy) that hat if it were not so clear.

7. You (kill ) yourself if you always work as hard as that.

8. If they had waited, They (find) me.

9. We ( enjoy ) the play better if it had not been so long.

10. I should have come yesterday if I (Have) nothing to do.

Jawaban dan pembahasan soal Conditional Sentences.

1. I would have gone if I had known

Pada soal itu adalah Conditional Sentences jenis 3 karena ada kata Had + V3 yang merupakan bentuk dari kalimat past perfect,

2. If my car had not broken down, I Should have caught the train

Pada soal diatas kita menggunakan kalimat Conditional Sentences jenis 3 karena ada kata Should + Have + Caught ( V3)

3. If she were older, she would have more sense.

Pada kalimat diatas kita menggunakan Conditional sentences jenis 2 karena ada kalta If she were, ciri jenis dua adala IF + Simple Past.

4. If you read that book carefully, you would understand it.

Pada kalimat soal adalah Conditional Sentences type 2 karena ada kata Would + Understand ( Would + V1 )

5. IF the Children are good, they can stay up late.

Pada soal adalah jenis conditional sentences jenis 1 karena ada “ Can + V1” maka kita untuk melengkapi Conditional ini harus menggunakan simple present tense.

6. I would buy that hat if it were not so clear.

Pada kalimat diatas adalah Conditional Sentences jenis dua karena ada kalimat simple past ( It were not …)

7. You will kill yourself if you always work as hard as that.

Pada soal adalah Conditional Sentences jenis pertama karena ada kata kalimat berjenis Simpler present tense “ You always work as hard as that”

8. IF they had waited,they would have found me.

Pada soal diatas menggunakan Conditional sentences type 3 karena menggunakan kata past perfect “ Had waited”

9. We should have enjoyed the play better if it had not been so long.

Pada soal diatas digunakan Conditional jenis / type 3 karena ada kata past perfect ( it had not been)

10. I should have come yesterday if I had had nothing to do

Pada soal berjenis Conditional Sentences type 3 karena ada “should + have + V3”

0 Response to "Conditional Sentences "

Post a Comment

iklan