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Simple present continuous Tense

Simple Present Continues Tense adalah sebuah tenses yang masuk dalam kategori present, atau saat ini. Tenses ini smenceritakan tentang peristiwa yang sedang terjadi ketika dibicarakan, akan tetapi kalau durasi waktu yang panjang bisa juga sang pelaku atau subject tidak sedang melakukan tindakan tersebut. Sebagi sontoh Andi sedang belajar di UNNES sekarang, dia mengambil jurusan bahasa Indonesia, nah pada kalimat ini bisa juga Andi tidak sedang belajar bahasa Indonesia mungkin dia sedang melakukan aktivitas lain, inilah yang disebut dengan Simple Present Continues tenses.

1. Please don’t make so much noise . I am working. (penulis dalam kalimat ini sedang bekerja sehingga dia tidak mau diganggu)

2. Where are FIna and ayu ? “ They are having a bath” ( pada kalimat ini Fina dan Ayu ketika sedang dibicarakan sedang mandi)

3. Fina is reading an interesting book at the moment. She will lend it to me when she has finished it ( pada saat ini Fina sedang membaca buku yang menarik)

Perhatikan tulisan dibawah ini, dan cermati pengunaan simple present Continues tense yang digunakan, terutama penggunaan subject dan to be nya.

Steve is reading a newspaper. The boys, Sam and Eric, are playing with a ball. They are both wearing sunglasses. Pam is cooking chicken. She's laughing because the smoke is getting in her eyes. Jo is standing with her mother and is listening to music on her personal stereo. She is eating an orange. Fred, the dog, is lying on the grass asleep.

RUMUS SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUES TENSES

Kalimat Positive

Subject + To be ( IS, am, are) + V ing + Adverb of time

Ingat dalam untuk memilih To Be yang pas kalian harus menentukan subjectny terlebih dahulu, jadi dalam tenses ini peranan subject sangat menentukan untuk memilih tobe, perhatikan contoh kalimat dibawah ini

She is studying English at the moment.

My parents are making a preparation for the party now, my father is decorating the house and my mother is cooking for the meal in the kitchen

Fina and Anto are playing computer game in the room,

Fina and Anto are watching movie in the Cinema right now, they are having a great time.

Fina is studying very hard because she will face the final exam tomorrow.

Ayu is drawing at her room now.

Kalimat Negative

Subject + To be ( IS, am, are) +not + V ing + Adverb of time

Sama dengan tenses yang lain, simple present continues tense juga mempunyai bentuk negative, untuk membentuk kalimat negative dalam simple present continues kita tinggal menambahkan kata “not” setelah to be dan kemudian ditambah dengan V- ing. Perhatikan contoh dibawah ini.

She is not studying English at the moment.

My parents are not making a preparation for the party now, my father is not decorating the house and my mother is not cooking for the meal in the kitchen now

Fina and Anto are not playing computer game in the room,

Fina and Anto are not watching movie in the Cinema right now, they are having a great time.

Fina is not studying very hard because she will face the final exam tomorrow.

Ayu is not drawing at her room now.

Kalimat Tanya

To be ( IS, am, are) + Subject + V ing + Adverb of time ?

Cara pembuatan kalimat tanya atau interrogative dalam simple present continues tense adalah dengan meletakkan tobe di depan subject. Untuk lebih memahaminya perhatikan contoh berikut ini.

is She studying English at the moment. ?

Are Fina and Anto playing computer game in the room ?

Are Fina and Anto watching movie in the Cinema right now ? , are they having a great time. ?

Is Fina studying very hard ? Yes she is, because she will face the final exam tomorrow.

Is Ayu drawing at her room now. ?

Perbedaan antara simple present continues tense dan simple present tense

Present continuous

Present simple

digunakan untuk menceritakan kegiatan yang sedang terjadi, atau sedang berlangsung ketika sedang dibicarakan Digunakan untuk menceritakan sesuatu secara umum atau kebiasaan yang terjadi secara berulang ulang.
The water is boiling. Can you turn it off? ( air sedang mendidih) Water boils at 100 degrees celcius. ( fakta)
Listen to those people. What Language are they speaking ? ( menanyakan orang sedang berbicara apa, ketika mereka sedang bercakap cakap) Excuse me, do you speak english ? ( menanyakan tentang kebiasaan)
Let's go out. it is not raining now ( saat ini sedang tidak hujan) it does not rain very much in summer ( Pada waktu musim hujan memang hujan tidak turun ini merupakan fakta)

Latihan Soal Simple present Tense atau simple continues tense

1….. (you/come) tonight?

2 ….. (he/eat) rice every day?

3. I….. (work) at the moment.

4….. (he/come) to London often?

5) He….. (play) tennis now.

6) ….. (you/come) to the cinema later?

7) They ….. (not/come) to the party tomorrow..

8) He….. (not/play) golf now.

9) ….. (you/play) tennis this Sunday?.

10) They ….. (go) to a restaurant every Saturday..

11) She….. (not/go) to the cinema very often..

12) You usually… (arrive) late..

13) He normally ….. (eat) dinner at home..

14) ….. (you/study) every night?.

15) ….. (they/work) late usually?.

16) You ….. (not/go) out later..

17) I ….. (not/work) tonight..

18) ….. (she/work) at the moment?.

19) I ….. (not/drink) coffee very often..

20) Julie ….. (sleep) now

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