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Simple present perfect continuous tense

SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUES TENSE

Simple present perfect continues adalah sebuah tenses yang digunakan untuk menceritakan sebuah aktivitas yang terjadi pada masa lalu dan sampai sekarang aktivitas itu sedang dilakukan. Perbedaan antara Present perfect continues dan present perfect adalah present perfect continues lebih menekankan pada durasi waktu sedangkan present perfect cenderung menjelaskan tentang hasil dari sebuah aktivitas. Perhatikan contoh pada kalimat berikut.

Fina’s clothes are covered in paint. She has been painting the ceiling.

Pada kalimat diatas menggunakan present perfect continues tense karena lebih ditekankan pada durasi dari tindakan painting/mengecat tanpa mempedulikan hasilnya, kita tidak tahu apakah aktivitas tersebut sudah selesai atau belum.

The ceiling was white. Now it is blue. Ayu has painted the ceiling

Pada kalimat diatas kita lebih menekankan pada hasil aktivitas dari painted/mengecat, sehingga kita menggunakan kalimat simple present perfect tense. Untuk lebih mengetahui perbedaan keduanya perhatikan contoh-contohnya dibawah ini.

Simple Present perfect continues tense
My hands are very dirty. I have been repairing the car The car is OK again now. I have repaired it.
She has been smoking too much recently. She should smoke less Somebody has smoked all my cigarettes. Tha packet is empty
It is nice to see you again. What have you been dong since we last met? Where is the book i gave you? What have you done with it ?
Where have you been? Have you been playing tennis ? Have you ever played tennis ?
How long have you been reading that book ? How many pages of that book have you read ?
Marry is still writting letters. She has been writting letters all day. Mary has written ten letters today
They have been playing tennis since 2 o’clock They have played tennis three times this week

Rumus Simple Present perfect continuous tense

(+)Subject + Have/has+ been + Ving + ....

(-)Subject + Have/has + not + been + Ving + ....

(?) have/has + Subject + been + ving + ......

Contoh kalimat Simple Present Perfect Continuous tense

They have been waiting for the bus for fifteen minutes

They have not been waiting for the bus for fifteen minutes

Have they been waiting for the bus for fifteen minutes ?

Ayu has been standing there since five o’clock

Ayu has not been standing there since five o’clock

Has Ayu been standing there since five o’clock?

Latihan Soal Simple Present Perfect Continuous

1. I am trying to study. I ...(try) to study for the last hour,but something always seems to interrupt me. I think i would better go to the library.

2. Joe has an old bicycle. He......(had) the same bicycle for twenty years.

3. Matt works at the ABC Company. He ...(work) there since 2005

4. Toshi is waiting for his frend. He......(wait) for her since five o’clock. She is late for their date.

5. I like cowboy movies. I .....(like) cowboy movies ever since i was a child.

6. Susie is watching a cowboy movie. She .....(watch) it for over two hours without a break.

7. Dr. Chang teaches math. He is an excelent teacher. He .....(teach) math at this school for more than 25 years.

8. Sue and Rick are playing tennis right now and they are getting tired. They ....(play) since nine o’clock this morning. Sue is winning. She is the better tennisplayer. She .....(play) tennis since she was ten. Rick started playing only last year.

Jawaban dan Pembahasan Soal Simple Present Perfect continues tense.

1. I am trying to study. I have been studying for the last hour, but something always seems to interrupt me. I think I would better go to the library.

Pada kalimat diatas menggunakan kalimat Present Perfect Continues karena pada kalimat I have been studying for the last hour lebih menjelaskan durasi sebuah aktifitas,bukan menjelaskan hasil

2. Joe has an old bicycle. He has had the same bicycle for twenty years.

Pada kalima tersebut menggunakan pola simple perfect tense karena walaupun pada kalimat tersebut menceritakan durasi akan tetapi lebih cenderung ke simple perfect tense

3. Matt works at the ABC Company. He has been working there since 2005.

Pada kalimat tersebut menggunakan kalimat simple present perfect continues karena cenderung menjelaskan sebuah durasi aktivitas.

4. Toshi is waiting for his frend. He has been waiting for her since five o’clock. She is late for their date.

Pada kalimat diatas menggunakan sebuah kalimat berpola simple present perfect continues tense karena pada kalimat He has been waiting for her since five o’clock cenderung menjelaskan tentang durasi waktu.

5. I like cowboy movies. I have liked cowboy movies ever since I was a child.

Pada kalimat diatas menggunakan kalimat simple present perfect karena kata kerja “Like” jarang digunakan untuk kalimat continues.

6. Susie is watching a cowboy movie. She has been watching it for over two hours without a break.

Pada kalimat diatas menggunakan kalimat berpola present perfect continues karena lebih cenderung menjelaskan tentang durasi waktu dari pada hasil

7. Dr. Chang teaches math. He is an excelent teacher. He has been teaching math at this school for more than 25 years

Karena jela menunjukkan sebuah durasi waktu selam 25 tahun.

8. Sue and Rick are playing tennis right now and they are getting tired. They have been playing since nine o’clock this morning. Sue is winning. She is the better tennisplayer. Shehas been playing /has played tennis since she was ten. Rick started playing only last year.

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