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Narrative Text, Fungsi dan Structure

Pengertian Narrative Teks

Narrative Text adalah bentuk teks cerita, dan cerita yang ditulis ini biasanya tidak dialami oleh penulis sendiri melainkan berupa imaginasi atau legenda. Jadi walaupun sama sama cerita Narrative Text mempunyai perbedaan yang sangat jelas dengan Recount. The Social Functions of Narrative Text atau fungsi teks Narrative adalah untuk Menghibur atau Amused someone. Pasti bagi diantara kalian yang sering mendengarkan cerita yang didongengkan oleh bapak pasti tahu dong fungsi dari Narrative Text tersebut.

Generic structure of Narrative Text / susunan dari Narrative Text

1. Orientation

Indroducing the participants and informing the time and the place. Pada bagian ini kalian akan disuguhkan siapa yang memerankan cerita tersebut atau dalam bahasa lain adalah Character dari cerita dan akan juga disuguhkan tentang latar ( dimana, kapan, dan bagaimana cerita tersebut berlangsung)

2. Complication

Describing the rising crises which the participants have to do with Pada bagian ini konflik antar karakter mulai terjadi

3. Resolution

Showing the way of participant to solve the crises, it can be better of worse. Pada bagian ini para tokoh atau karakter dalam cerita Narrative akan berupaya menyelesaikan masalah yang mereka hadapi, kadang dalam menghadapi masalah tersebut para karakter itu menyelesaikannya menjadi lebih baik atau lebih buruk.

Language Features of Narrative

Language Features adalah tata bahasa yang digunakan dalam Narrative Teks, karena Narrative Teks adalah menceritakan sesuatu maka secara otomatis teks ini menggunakan Tenses past tense, atau masih keluarga dengan past tense atau tenses yang menceritakan tentang masa lalu seperti Past Perfect atau Past Continous.

Contoh Narrative Teks

Snow White

Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead.

One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White. Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods. Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep.

Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, “what is your name?” Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.” Doc, one of the dwarfs, said, “If you wish, you may live here with us.” Snow White said, “Oh could I? Thank you.” Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after.

Mari kita bahasa tentang cerita narrative diatas yang berjudul “ Snow White” dari paragraph satu ke paragraph yang lain

Snow White

Paragraph 1

Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead.

Pada paragraph ini dijelaskan tentang kapan terjadinya cerita lewat kata “ once upon a time yang berarti pada suatu masa, dan karakter tersebut juga disebutkan yaitu a little Girl named Snow White. Dan juga Her Aunt and uncle. Arti dari paragraph pertama “ pada suatu masa hiduplah seorang gadis kecil yang bernama Putri Salju. Dia tinggal bersama paman dan bibinya karena orang tuanya sudah meninggal.

Paragraph 2 ( Complications 1)

One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White.

Pada paragraph ini terjadi konflik yang pertama yaitu dimana Paman dan Bibi ingin meninggalkan Snow White Arti dari paragraph ke dua “ suatu hari Snow White mendengar kalau paman dan bibinya akan meninggalkan Snow White di kastil karena mereka berdua ingin pergi ke AMeriak dan mereka berdua tidak mempunyai cukup uang untuk membawa Snow White.

Paragraph 3 ( Resolutions)

Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods.

Pada paragraph ini terjadi penyeselaian pada Paragraph sebelumnya. Arti dari paragraph ini adalah “ Snow White tidak menginginkan paman dan bibinya melakukan ini sehingga dia memutuskan kalau langkah terbaiknya adalah melarikan diri. Pagi berikutnya dia melarikan diri dari rumah ketika paman dan bibinya sedang sarapan. Dia melarikan diri ke dalam hutan.

Paragraph 4 ( Complications 2 )

Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep.

pada paragraph ke empat ini, si Snow White terjadi permasalahan yang ke 2 yaitu, arti dari paragraph ini adalah “ kemudian dia melihat rumah kecil. Dia mengetuk pintu akan tetapi tidak ada yang menjawabnya sehingga dia masuk ke dalam dan tertidur”

Paragraph 5 ( resolutions 2 )

Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, “what is your name?” Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.”

Arti dari paragraph diatas adalah “ sementara itu, tujuh kurcaci sedang menuju ke rumah dari bekerja. Mereka masuk dan mereka menemukan si Snow White sedang tertidur. Kemudian Snow White bangun. Dia melihat para kurcaci. Kurcaci tersebut berkata “ siapa nama kamu?” , Snow White menjawab “ Nama saya adalah Snow White”.

Paragraph 6

Doc, one of the dwarfs, said, “If you wish, you may live here with us.” Snow White said, “Oh could I? Thank you.” Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after.

Arti dari Paragraph ke enam adalah “ Doc, salah satu dari kurcaci berkata, “ jika kamu mau kamu boleh tinggal disini dengan kami.” Snow White mengatakan “ oh dapatkah saya? Terima kasih.” Kemudian si Snow White menceritakan kepada para kurcaci segala ceritahnya dan Snow White bersama kurcaci tersebut hidup bahagia selamanya”

Soal dan Pembahasan Narrative Text “ The North Wind’s Gift” ( arti dan pembahasannya)

The North Wind’s Gift

Once upon a time , there was a lad living with his mother. The family was so poor that they hardly ever had meals three times a day.

One day, the young lad went to the storehouse to get some meals for his mother. Just as he stepped outside the door, The north wind blew the meals away. Oooooo oooooo whizzed the wind. The young lad went back to the store and got another meal. Just as he stepped out of the building, again did the north wind blow away his meals. Ooooo!! The wind hurled.

This happened repeatedly that he finally went to the wind’s house and asked for the meals the wind had blow away. “ I ‘m here to ask for may meals you have blow away. Please give them back to me , I ‘m indeed poor.” The young lad begged. “ Sorry my dear friend .I have no meals but I will give you a very special gift,” the wind replied. Take this cloth with you every time you need meals just say‘ cloth, serve me good meals ! then meals will soon be ready for you ,the wind explained.

It was dark when the lad arrived on an inn. He had no money to spend. He remembered the cloth given by the north wind directly he said “ O cloth , serve me dinner !” Soon the dinner was provided. The innkeeper who saw it bay chance was very astounded and envious as well. “ I must have that fine cloth,” he whispered . So when it was very quiet at night and everyone was asleep, he tiptoed to the lad’s room , took the cloth , and replaced it with piece of ordinary cloth.

In the morning young lad was shocked to find the cloth powerless not as it was. He complained to the north wind about the matter and asked for his meals back. “I have no meals , but I will give you another gift.” The wind uttered. Mr. North Wind then gave him a goat “This goat can give you some money,” said the Wind.

The lad was very happy. He went back to the inn where he stayed overnight in. he was very hungry but had no money. Suddenly he remembered the goat.”Goat , please give me some money!” So did the lad murmur. What a magic! Only in a few seconds, he could find some money in his pocket.

The next morning when the lad woke up, he was surprised to find the goat having no magic at all. Again did he go to the North Wind to have some complaints. “ Good morning, Mr. Wind.” Greeted the lad. “ good morning, my friend. What can I do for you?” The north Wind responded. “just return the meals you blew away. This goat has lost its magic.” The lad spoke in despair. “ I am sorry, I have no meals. However, I can give you another special gift. Here is a magic stick.” The Wind paused for a moment and then continued speaking. “from now on, if you meet someone who is untrue, just say, “ stick, o, stick, Lay on!” then the stick will lay on till you say, “ stick, stick , stop!”

Of the lad went to the inn once stayed in with his magic stick. He thought he would rest there for the night. As he had no money to pay for meal. He went to sleep. He began to think about misfortune during his stay in the inn. Every time he stayed overnight there, then he would always lose his goat. He thought of playing a trick this time. He put his magic stick at the corner of the room, lay down in bed and pretended to be sleeping.

At midnight he heard footsteps coming to where he put the stick. The lad then cried out,” stick , stick, lay on!” Up hopped the stick from the corner and started beating the innkeeper. The innkeeper was very that he shouted, “stop. Pleas just stop! I will give you the goat and the cloth!”. The lad thought the innkeeper had been punished enough. He said , “ stick, stick, stop!” so did the stick hop back to the corner. The innkeeper hurried away. Soon he returned with the cloth and the goat. The young lad reached home safely. It is said that he was rich and happy all the day of his life along with his beloved mother.

A. Answer following the questions !
1. What kind of the text above ?
2. How many participant they are ?
3. Who is helps the lad man in the story ?
4. What the trick from lad man ?
5. What the moral value you can learn from that story ?

Jawaban dan Pembahasan Soal Narrative Text
1. The kind of the text above is Narrative
2. There are three four participant in the text, the writer’s mother, the young man as the main character, The North wind, and the innkeeper
3. The North Wind helps the man in the story
4. The lad man pretend to sleep
5. Do not be a cheater

Kata kata sulit dari Bacaan narrative teks “The North Wind’s Gift”
Lad = orang
Living = tinggal
Poor = miskin
Hardly = jarang ( hampir tidak pernah)
Storehouse = toko
Blew away = meniup dengan kencang
Hurled = melempar
Repeatedly = berulang ulang
Ask = meminta
Begged = memohon
Gift = hadiah
Replied = menjawab
Serve = melayani
Explained = menjelaskan
Dark = gelap
Arrived = sampai
Inn = penginapan
Spend = menghabiskan
Remembered = mengingat
Given = diberikan
Directly = secara langsung
Provided = disediakan
Innkeeper = penjaga
Saw = melihat
Astounded = terkejut
Envious = iri
Whispered = berbisik
Quite = tenang
Tiptoed = dengan sembunyi sembunyi
Replaced = mengganti
Ordinary = biasa
Shocked = terkejut
Powerless = tidak berkekuatan
Matter = masalah
Goat = kambing
Remembered = diingat
Pocket = saku
Woke up = bangun
Surprised = terkejut
Responded = menjawab
Return = mengembalikan
Despair = putus asa
Stick = tongkat
Untrue = berbohong
Lay on = memukul
Misfortune = ketidakberuntungan
Lose = kehilangan
Pretended = pura pura
Footsteps = langkah kaki
Cried out = menjerit
Beating = memukul
Punished = dihukum
Hurried away = bergegas
Reach = sampai
Safely = selamat

berikut ini adalah contoh teks Narrative beserta pembahasannya, perhatikan baik baik

Once upon a time in the middle of the forest, there lived a girl named Jane with her father, a poor woodcutter.

Pada paragraph diatas dadalah orientation, karena merupakan diceritakan awal mula setting dan mengenalkan tokoh utama yaitu “ Jane”. Jane sendiri merupakan “ Specific Participant”

One day, the little girl’s father did not come home from the forest and Jane became more and more frightened that he had had an accident. She did not know what to do because she was very afraid of the dark.

Pada paragraph ke dua diatas adalah Complication, dimana sebuah permasalahan pada Karakter ( Jane)mulai muncul dan kalimat diatas menggunakan kalimat past tense

Finally she plucked up all her courage and headed out to the clearing where she thought her father had been that day. After two long hours searching, she finally found him. His foot had been trapped under a log and he could not lift it himself. Jane helped her father to free himself and they went home happily. Jane was very glad she had not been too frightened to go in search of her father.

Pada paragraph diatas adalah sebuah Resolution dari Text narrative dimana crisis diselesaikan oleh para pelaku ( Jane)

( taken from Grammar and Meaning)

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