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Report Text, Pengertian, contoh dan terjemahannya.

Report text adalah sebuah teks dalam bahasa inggris yang mempunyai cirri khusus menjelaskan sesuatu secara umum. Benda atau apapun yag dijelaskan bersifat umum. Bukan milik pribadi atau apapun contohnya adalah “ Bicycle” adalah jenis teks report yang menjelaskan tentang sepeda dan penjelasan tersebut bersifat umum. Sedangkan “ My Bicyce” adalah jenis teks lain karena mendeskripsikan benda khusus. Berikut ini adalah lebih lenjut tentang Report text, beserta Generic Structure, Language Feature, and social Functions of Report

Generic Structure of the Report text

1. General Classification : stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general. Pada bagian General Classification ini akan disebutkan tentang aspek umum dari sesuatu yang kita jelaskan

2. Description : Describing the thing which will be discussed in detail; part per part, customs or deed for living creature and usage for materials. Nah pada bagian Description ini mulai dijelaskan bagian bagiam yang lebih rinci, seperti warna, bagaimana hewan / tumbuhan tersebut,

Language Feature of the Report Text
1. Introducing group or general aspect.
2. Using conditional logical connection ; when , so, etc
3. Using simple present tense.

Contoh Contoh Report Text berserta Terjemahan, Generic Structure dan Language Feature.

Text Report

P L A T Y P U S

Many people call platypus duckbill because this animal has a bill like duckbill. Platypus is a native Tasmania and southern and eastern Australia.

Platypus has a flat tail and webbed feet. Its body length is 30 to 45 cm and covered with a thick, and woolly layer of fur. Its bill is detecting preyand stirring up mud. Platypus' eyes and head are small. It has no ears but has ability to sense sound and light. Platypus lives in streams, rivers, and lakes. Female platypus usually dig burrows in the streams or river banks. The burrows are blocked with soil to protect it from intruders and flooding. In the other hand, male platypus doesnot need any burrow to stay.

Language feature dan terjemahannya

P L A T Y P U S

Many people call platypus duckbill because this animal has a bill like duckbill. Platypus is a native Tasmania and southern and eastern Australia.

Pada paragraph diatas adalah general Classification dari “ Platypus” dan menggunakan kalimat bertenses simple present tense.

Banyak orang menyebut Platypus sebagai bebek Duckbill karena mempunyai bill ( parus) seperti duckbill. Platypus aslinya dari Tasmania dan bagian selatan dan timur Australia.

Platypus has a flat tail and webbed feet. Its body length is 30 to 45 cm and covered with a thick, and woolly layer of fur. Its bill is detecting preyand stirring up mud. Platypus' eyes and head are small. It has no ears but has ability to sense sound and light. Platypus lives in streams, rivers, and lakes. Female platypus usually dig burrows in the streams or river banks. The burrows are blocked with soil to protect it from intruders and flooding. In the other hand, male platypus does not need any burrow to stay.

Paragraph ke dua adalah Description dari Platypus. Tenses yang digunakan adalah simple present tense .

Platypus mempunyai ekor yang datar dan kaki seperti jaring. Panjang tubuhnya antara 30 sampai 40 cm dan dibungkus oleh bulu yang tebal dan Nampak seperti Wool. Paruh binatang ini dapat digunakan untuk meneteksi mangsa dan mengobok obok lumpur. Mata dan kepala dari Platypus kecil. Binatang ini tidak mempunyai telinga akan tetapi mempunyai kemampuan mendegar dan penjahayaan yang bagus. Platypus hidup di Rawa, sungai dan danau. Platypus betina biasanya menggali lubang di rawa atau tepi sungai. lubang ini dilindungi oleh tanah untuk melindungi dari binatang lain dan banjir. Dilain pihak, Platypus jantan tidak memerlukan lubang untuk tinggal.


ELEPHANT

Elephant is the largest and strongest of all animals. It is a strange looking animal which it has thick legs, huge sides and backs, large hanging ears, a small tail, little eyes, long white tusks and above all, elephant has a long nose, the trunk. An elephant is commonly seen in a zoo, it is hard to find in its natural habitat.

The trunk is the elephant's peculiar feature. This trunk has various usages. The elephant draws up water by its trunk and can squirt the water all over its body like a shower bath. The elephant's trunk also lifts leaves and put them into its mouth. In fact, the trunk serves the elephant as long arm and hand. An elephant looks very clumsy and heavy and yet an elephant can move very quickly.

The elephant is very intelligent animal. Its intelligence combined with its great strength makes an elephant a very useful servant to man. Elephant can be trained to serve in various ways such as carry heavy loads, hunt for tigers and even fight. An elephant is really a smart animal.

Berikut adalah terjemahan dari Report text diatas

Elephant is the largest and strongest of all animals. It is a strange looking animal which it has thick legs, huge sides and backs, large hanging ears, a small tail, little eyes, long white tusks and above all, elephant has a long nose, the trunk. An elephant is commonly seen in a zoo, it is hard to find in its natural habitat.

Gajah adalah binatang terbesar dan terkuat. Gajah adalah binatang yang Nampak aneh dengan kaki yang tebal dan mempunyai ukuran yang besar, mempunyai kuping menggantung besar, ekor yang kecil, mata kecil, bergading putih panjang dan yang paling aneh, Gajah mempunyai hidung yang panjang yang disebut dengan belalai. Seekor Gajah sering Nampak di Kebun Binatang, susah untuk menemukan Gajah di habitat alam.

The trunk is the elephant's peculiar feature. This trunk has various usages. The elephant draws up water by its trunk and can squirt the water all over its body like a shower bath. The elephant's trunk also lifts leaves and put them into its mouth. In fact, the trunk serves the elephant as long arm and hand. An elephant looks very clumsy and heavy and yet an elephant can move very quickly.

Belalai adalah cirri khusus dari Gajah. Belalai ini mempunyai banyak kegunaan. Si Gajah mengambil air dengan Belalaina dan dapat menyemprotkan air ke seluruh tubuhnya seperti mandi dengan belalainya. Belalai dari gajah juga dapat mengangkat beban dn meletakkan beban tersebut ke dalam mulutnya. Faktanya, belalai digunakan oleh gajah sebagai tangan panjangnya. Seekor gajah Nampak sangat aneh dan berat akan tetapi gajah dapat bergerak dengan cepat.

The elephant is very intelligent animal. Its intelligence combined with its great strength makes an elephant a very useful servant to man. Elephant can be trained to serve in various ways such as carry heavy loads, hunt for tigers and even fight. An elephant is really a smart animal.

Gajah adalah binatang yang pintar. Kepintarannya tersebut dipadukan dengan kekuatan besarnya membuat gajah menjadi binatang yang paling berguna bagi manusia. Si Gajah dapat dilatih berbagai cara seperti membawa muatan berat, berburu harimau dan bahkan bertarung. Seekor gajah sungguh binatang yang pandai.


Kangaroo.

A kangaroo is an animal found only in Australia, although it has a smaller relative, called a wallaby, which lives on the Australian island of Tasmania and also in New Guinea.

Kangaroos eat grass and plants. They have short front legs, but very long, and very strong back legs and a tail. These are used for sitting up and for jumping. Kangaroos have been known to make forward jumps of over eight metres, and leap across fences more than three metres high. They can also run at speeds of over 45 kilometres per hour.

The largest kangaroos are the Great Grey Kangaroo and the Red Kangaroo. Adult grow to a length of 1.60 metres and weigh over 90 kilos.

Kangaroos are marsupials. This means that the female kangaroo has an external pouch on the front of her body. A baby kangaroo is very tiny when it is born, and it crawls at once into this pouch where it spends its first five months of life.

Berikut adalah terjemahan dari Report text diatas

A kangaroo is an animal found only in Australia, although it has a smaller relative, called a wallaby, which lives on the Australian island of Tasmania and also in New Guinea.

Seekor kanguru adalah sebuah binatang yang hanya ditemukan di Australia, meskipun mempunyai keluarga lain, yang disebut dengan Wallaby, yang hidup di kepulauan Australia dan Tasmania dan juga di Papua New guinea.

Kangaroos eat grass and plants. They have short front legs, but very long, and very strong back legs and a tail. These are used for sitting up and for jumping. Kangaroos have been known to make forward jumps of over eight metres, and leap across fences more than three metres high. They can also run at speeds of over 45 kilometres per hour.

Kanguru memakan rumput dan tumbuh – tumbuhan. Kanguru mempunyai kaki depan yang pendek, dan mempunyai kaki belakang yagn kuat dan sebuah ekor. Kaki kaki ini digunakan untuk duduk dan mepompat. Kanguru dikenal mampu melompat ke depan lebih dar delapan meter, dan mampu melompati pagar sampai lebih dari tiga meter. Mereka juga dapat berlari dengan kecepatan lebih dari 45 kilometer per jamnya.

The largest kangaroos are the Great Grey Kangaroo and the Red Kangaroo. Adult grow to a length of 1.60 metres and weigh over 90 kilos.

Kanguru terbesar adalah Kanguru Abu abu dan Kanguru Merah. Kanguru dewasa dari jenis ini mempunyai panjang sampai 1.6 meter dan berat lebih dari 90 kilogram.

Kangaroos are marsupials. This means that the female kangaroo has an external pouch on the front of her body. A baby kangaroo is very tiny when it is born, and it crawls at once into this pouch where it spends its first five months of life.

Kanguru adalah binatang menyusui. Ini berarti kanguru betna mempunyai kantong luar pada bagian tubuh depan. Seekor bayi kanguru sangat kecil ketika pertama lahir. Dan kanguru tersut bersembunyi di kantong tersebut dimana dia menghabiskan lima bulan pertama hidupnya.


contoh Report Text " Borobudur" beserta terjemahannya.

Borobudur Temple is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist monument near Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The monument comprises six square platforms topped by three circular platforms, and is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. A main dome, located at the center of the top platform, is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues seated inside perforated stupa.

The monument is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage. The journey for pilgrims begins at the base of the monument and follows a path circumambulating the monument while ascending to the top through the three levels of Buddhist cosmology, namely Kāmadhātu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms) and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness). During the journey the monument guides the pilgrims through a system of stairways and corridors with 1,460 narrative relief panels on the wall and the balustrades.

Evidence suggests Borobudur was abandoned following the 14th-century decline of Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms in Java, and the Javanese conversion to Islam. Worldwide knowledge of its existence was sparked in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then the British ruler of Java, who was advised of its location by native Indonesians.

Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations. The largest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, following which the monument was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Borobudur is still used for pilgrimage; once a year Buddhists in Indonesia celebrate Vesak at the monument, and Borobudur is Indonesia's single most visited tourist attraction.

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